Mobile Advertising: Powered by Smartphones
Mobile advertising, especially via smartphones, is quite small when compared to more traditional forms of media in the US. There are a number of valid reasons for this but given the record setting pace of new smartphone ownership and the inherent performance advantages of mobile phones suggests that a dramatic shift in allocation is inevitable. There is little doubt even among skeptics that mobile will become a coveted format attracting billions of dollars of advertising annually and the data indicates that if the early obstacles are overcome, it is likely that mobile ad revenue powered by 3G and 4G smart phones will eventually surpass radio and newspapers.
Mobile Advertising: Tip of the iceberg
Mobile advertising accounted for a little more than 1% of total media spending in 2010 which amounted to about $64 billion. Roughly half went to broadcast and cable channels, about 18% was spent on magazines followed by 12% on newspapers, 10% on radio, about 6% on online display ads and under 2.5% for outdoor. Mobile advertising accounted for about $750 million which on the surface appears to be disproportionate to the growing size of the smartphone market and the increased usage of smartphone owners. More than one third of all mobile phones are smart phones (about 80 million vs. 235 million) and that these mobile owners are actively using their devices over 80 minutes per day which is equal to 10-15% of their daily media usage. But since a third of that time is spent talking on the phone or messaging and 10% is taken up with emails, overall daily usage number has to be discounted. And we also have to consider that only a third of the mobile phone market is made of up powerful 3G mobile browser capable smart phones while the other two thirds represents fairly simple handsets. We can make this more complicated by adding back an assumption for mobile tablet usage which is rapidly growing but not nearly as fast as smartphone take-up. Additionally, tablet usage for the most part is done within the home while our phones are with us and track us practically every moment of the day.
To simplify things, assume that some type of advertising, be it display, video, ads within apps, SMS, etc can be placed during 40 minutes per day when smart phone owners are accessing things like games, maps, various shopping or music apps and social networking. Those 40 minutes per day equates to roughly 5% of daily usage/attention and that represents about a third of the mobile universe, then mobile advertising conservatively could be worth about $1 billion today which is not too far from the 2010 number.
Mobile Advertising: More efficient and effective
Beyond the sheer size of the growing market there are indications that smart phones are potentially a much better medium to effectively advertise to consumers. A recent study by Insight Express suggests that mobile ads are four times more effective vs. online advertising in recalling brands without prompting which is referred to as unaided awareness. When they were prompted with brand examples, aided awareness, mobile was twice as effective as TV and four times as effective as on-line. Mobile also outperforms any other individual medium in head to head competition in regard to brand favorability and it is five times more effective than on-line in promoting purchases. Moreover, mobile advertising is more effective even against a coordinated multi-media campaign approach. Insight Express found that purchase intent via mobile was 17% better vs. a combo of print and TV, 54% better than a package of TV, print and online and almost three times as effective as TV and online media buy. And in the important category of unaided awareness, mobile performed 20% better than a media mix of TV+Print+Online and was twice as effective as a TV and on-line campaign. While this qualitative difference needs further study in a wider universe, the indications that mobile advertising represents a better more effective and cost efficient medium in terms of consumer engagement, purchasing and customer satisfaction suggests that it won’t be too long before Madison Avenue shifts significant dollars away from other media to the mobile market.
Mobile Advertising: Brands are starting to notice
In that regard, Mary Meeker of Kleiner Perkins had an interesting slide in her recent internet presentation showing that over the past two years, mobile advertising has burst on the scene and many companies are actively experimenting with the medium. At the beginning of the third quarter, she states about 25% of the top global 1000 companies are currently running mobile advertising and global mobile ad impressions have grown from a few billion per quarter two years ago to nearly 25 billion impressions per quarter as of September, 2011. Experimentation is taking many forms including opt-in programs, QR and snap tag tools, location based prompting, purchase ads inside free mobile apps and various short video streams. Grocers and other retailers seem to be particularly active, pushing personalization and the connection between search, intent and purchase. Some supermarkets are allowing mobile customers to use their smart phones to compare prices, access special discounts, receive digital coupons and generally improve and personalize the shopping experience. In some Giant and Stop & Shop supermarkets, mobile smartphone customers are able to scan bar codes, bag items and pay for their purchases all with their own personal devices. Early data suggests that this type of experimentation reduces labor costs by 12%-15% which is significant in grocery stores which are typically 5% margin businesses. Partial to efficiency innovations, smart phones will be encouraged by more grocers, increasing overall time and data usage, providing more fertile ground for brands and advertisers to reach their customers. One UK online grocer, Ocado Group http://www.ocadogroup.com/ , developed an interesting program by placing vinyl posters listing various product bar codes in empty storefronts in high traffic areas which can be scanned with smart phones enabling people to order groceries from their phones to be delivered later on in the day when they return home from work. According to an article in Mobile Marketing, 15% of the Ocado Group’s $800 million annual revenue is generated through IPhones and Android Phone purchases suggesting mobile is highly effective especially as a local ad medium.
Mobile Advertising: Its local
According to Google, about 50% of mobile search is locally oriented, focused on obtaining specific information, directions, restaurants, movies, weather and bargains. Within the key 25-34 demographic, 50% own smart phones and 80% of these people use mobile phones in stores while 50% check their mobile phones first thing each morning before getting out of bed. Talk about getting personal. http://jemook.com/?p=555
Mobile Advertising: Will surpass radio and newspapers
Mobile advertising would be a compelling story solely based on future projections of market expansion and average daily time on the device. But when you include the power of internet browsing combined with always on GPS functionality and an ability to deliver targeted information and applications at the point of purchase, mobile advertising is destined to outperform even the most aggressive projections. An aggressive case goes something like this: Assume that smartphone ownership doubles over the next ten years to about 160 million users and daily usage jumps to 90 minutes per day or 20% of total media time as folks find more things to do with their phones including watching video. Also assume a modest annual compounded growth rate in total ad dollars increasing from $64 billion to $70 billion in that same 10 year time frame with people finding more things to do via their mobile phones which makes them more personal, efficient and indispensable. Even if we discount usage of 90 minutes daily by half, mobile advertising at 10% of a $70 billion media market ad pie would equate to $7 billion annually by the beginning of the next decade. If so, mobile advertising would likely surpass spending for radio and newspapers establishing smartphones as the most disruptive and significant piece of technology since the personal computer.